Bridgeville Remembered

Meet You at the Bridge

By John F. Oyler

People of my generation were taught that Bridgeville takes its name from a bridge that carried the Washington Pike across Chartiers Creek in the earliest days. We were told that the construction of the bridge resulted from a confrontation between an absentee landowner, Thomas Ramsey, and the local farmers.

Ramsey was pleased that the Black Horse Trail, the principal route between Washington, Pa., and Pittsburgh, in the late eighteenth century crossed Chartiers Creek on property he owned. He improved the crossing by grading the approach ramps on each side and by “paving” them by laying timbers crossways to improve traction for the horse and oxen drawn wagons. In return for this improvement he stationed an agent at the crossing to collect a toll.

The initiation of this practice was not well received by the farmers who used the crossing to haul their goods to market. These were some of the same people who had rebelled against the whisky tax in 1794 and burned John Neville’s mansion to the ground. They promptly chased Ramsey’s agent back to Virginia and announced their plans to build a proper bridge at the crossing.

Ramsey sought legal assistance in the dispute, but soon learned it was to no avail. In 1793 the Pennsylvania Legislature had passed an act governing “Navigable Waters”. The act stated that any stream that could support the passage of commercial traffic was designated “navigable”. It also reported that the rights of landowners with property abutting navigable streams ended at the high water mark, not at the center of the stream.

On two previous occasions crude keelboats had been built at Canonsburg and used to move loads of flour down Chartiers Creek to the Ohio River and from there to New Orleans. Ramsey realized the futility of his cause and eventually sold his property to Moses Middleswarth.

The local farmers proceeded with their plans. Each farmer was assigned the task of providing half a dozen timbers, delivering them to the construction site, and then participating in the construction of the bridge. We are led to believe that this was accomplished in a very few days, much like an Amish “barn raising” today.

Unfortunately we don’t know what the bridge looked like. I have taken advantage of the fact that my great-great-great grandfather, Andrew Oyler, and his three brothers were building barns in the Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia in the early 1800s, and I assume I have inherited enough of their expertise to imagine what the design might have been.

The simplest bridge would have been a group of timbers spanning between piers on both sides of the creek, analogous to the concrete deck girders of today’s bridge. The creek is about fifty feet wide at that point; the piers would have to be about seventy five feet apart, much too far for practical timbers to span.

One alternative would be to put a pier in the middle of the creek and reduce the span to a practical thirty five or forty feet. The farmers who chased Ramsey and took advantage of the fact that Chartiers Creek was declared navigable were highly principled people; I can’t imagine them putting a massive pier in the middle of a narrow navigable stream.

I suspect they would have chosen to span the creek with a pair of shallow timber trusses. Bridge technology may have been primitive in this area in 1800, but these same farmers were familiar with barn construction and especially with the timber trusses that support the barn roofs. My guess is that they erected a pair of trusses six feet high, with floor beams connecting them, then spiked planks on for floor boards.

I would have used “Howe” trusses with vertical posts every six feet and diagonals sloping upward from the shore to the middle of the truss. My twenty first century calculations tell me that “eight by eight”s, square timbers eight inches on a side, would be adequate to support wagon loads of that era.

Connecting timbers two hundred years ago was much more difficult than it is today; they had nothing like the prefabricated steel connectors we use. Instead they had to rely on the “mortise and tenon” concept. The posts would have had tenons sticking out at each end, sized to fit neatly into mortices (slots) in the top and bottom members of the trusses. One inch diameter wooden pins would then be driven into pre-drilled holes through both members to secure the joint.

Assuming the bridge was built around 1800, it was too early for them to consider making it a covered bridge. We know that there was a covered bridge across Chartiers Creek in Carnegie in the mid 1800s; perhaps Bridgeville had one by then as well.

Once the bridge was finished, it became a landmark on the Black Horse Trail as well as on Noble’s Trace, the east-west road Colonel Henry Noble cut so he could run pack horse trains between Noblestown and Carlisle. He also established a store house at the bridge, where his road intersected the Black Horse Trail.

We’re told that travelers soon planned to “meet at the bridge” and that this expression eventually became “meet you at Bridgeville”, thus providing our community with its name.

The Author

  • John Oyler's column,
    "Water Under The Bridge",
    appears weekly in the
    Bridgeville Area News, a TribTotal Media publication.
This template downloaded form free website templates